Glass is a common household commodity, but that was not the case many years ago. It is possible for glass to exist naturally especially in volcanic regions but glass making is much preferred and convenient. The discovery of how to make glass was apparently accidental as suggested by Pliny, an ancient-Roman historian. His suggestion was that this happy accident may have been a result of shipwrecked sailors building fires on beaches with soda blocks. The result of the soda and sand being exposed to the heat was formation of glass. According to historical records, though glass making on a much technical level begun in Mesopotamia in 16th century BC, glass blowing was not discovered until much later. Glass blowing is a method of manipulating glass using heat and air to form differently shaped objects. This process is done by first melting the glass after which it is blown into a bubble. The bubble is shaped and designed using heat, for instance, a torch. When the glass cools down, it solidifies and hardens to maintain its form. Glass devices can have various forms, and many of them can have practical usage like these amazing dab rigs.
Invention and spread of glass blowing
Glass blowing is concrete proof of man’s ability to discover and develop crafts through intellect and creativity. The process requires steady hands to mould while keeping a keen look to form the desired object. Naturally this does require not only a lot of physical energy but also mental energy. For a long time, glass blowing was a craft known to a few people and passed down to their students. Phoenicians invented this technique in 50 B.C, and since glass was a precious commodity, the few glass blowers were guarded and watched carefully. They were considered so important that they were not allowed travel. This limited freedom did not settle well with the glass smiths and some of them fled. The craft eventually spread to the places they settled.
In the 1st century A.D Germany, Rome, and Italy became major production countries using glass blowing. The technique was still only known to a few countries including Belgium, Switzerland, and France until Antonio Neri published his book L’Arte Vetraria. In his book, he wrote all the information gathered about glass by then. The information included what it is, how it’s formed and made, the different techniques of making it, the equipment used and how to make the equipment